KELAYAKAN HUTAN RAKYAT DALAM SKEMA PERDAGANGAN KARBON : KAWASAN HUTAN RAKYAT KAMPUNG CALOBAK, DESA TAMANSARI, KECAMATAN TAMANSARI, KABUPATEN BOGOR,
Fahmi Hakim, Haryanto R. Putro, danHariadiKartodiharjdo
The rate of Indonesian forest destruction caused by deforestation and forest degradation contribute greatly to climate change and global warming. Development of Community Forest could be potential in carbon sequestration and then go into Carbon Trading Scheme. Initiative to get the incentives for the management of Community Forests through carbon trading in the voluntary carbon market is a concrete step to participate in the adaptation and mitigation of climate change and gain maximum benefit from the ecosystem of the forest resources. Thus, based on the guidelines of LEI certification decision, the Calobakcommunity forest management get the title of “DO NOT PASS”. The assessment resulted that the community forest in Calobak under the Plan Vivo Standards only able to meet the four indicators of the 37 indicators or data that should be available.
Keyword: climate change, community forest, certification, carbon trade, eligibility
EVALUASI EKOTURISMEDI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG CIREMAI
IchwanMuslih, TututSunarmintodan Ricky Avenzora
As a new nature preservation area in West Java, the GunungCiremai National Park still need much supports to reach its optimum function; including ecotourism activities. Therefore, an ecotourism resource evaluation had been done in order to identify its ecotourism potentials. Amongst so many ecotourism objects in this area, the ElangJawa (Spizateusbartelsi), Orchidae and the Situ Sangiang (Lake Sangiang) had the highest value for ecotourism attractions due to the criteria and indicators that were applied in the assessment. Further, in term of management perspectives, the research found that the circulation facilities in the area had become the most crucial problem for visitors to access and enjoy many ecotourism resources in the national park.
Keywords: national park, ecotourism, ecotourism resources evaluation
MANAJEMEN KOLABORASI DALAM RANGKA RESOLUSI KONFLIK
LukitaAwangNistyantara, Sambas Basuni, danRineksoSoekmadi
The management of Kelimutu National Park (KNP), who applied preservationist paradigm and centralized policy, had caused a conflict of interest among stakeholders. Therefore, the management strategies of the park by co-management approach were needed to conserve the park and resolve the conflict. The aims of this research were to analyze the application of the principle of co-management at the time, to identify relevant stakeholders, and to determine the management strategies of the park through co-management approach. The results showed that application of the principle of co-management in the Wologai Tengah village fell in the high/good category, while those applied in the Saga village fell in the category of middle. The results also showed that there were 15 (fifteen) stakeholders who were or could be affected by the decisions and the actions of the park’s management. Based on the expert’s assessment, the cores of the stakeholders were both the park management and the local community. They could influence the successful management of the park. The management strategies of the park was to implement some activities in the following priorities: 1) conduct a continuous meeting among the core stakeholders, provide assistance to increase the community of economic business, and conduct the KNP conservation extension; 2) coordinate stakeholders forum, establish stakeholders agreement, and conduct socialization of the programs.
Keywords: co-management, Kelimutu National park, conflict, collaboration management
ANALISIS PENATAAN RUANG KAWASAN LINDUNG KABUPATENPANDEGLANG DENGAN APLIKASI GIS DAN REMOTE SENSING
Rika S. Santoso, RineksoSoekmadidanLilik B. Prasetyo
The need for space is increasing along with the growth of population. It had become one of the matters which caused exploitation of natural resources and abuse of space uses. Protected area provided life support system, but in fact it had been degraded and experienced function changes. Pandeglang as one of areas with high natural resources potential had also encountered environmental problems. Geographic information system (GIS) could provide the latest data and help in to reach decision of space policy to push the protection area management.
The research was carried out on September until November 2009 with the purpose to: (1) identify the legal formal protected area based on the Presidential Decree Number 32 year 1990 about protected area management; (2) identify the gap of legal formal and actual protected areas, and the abuse of protected areas spatial pattern, and; (3) formulate strategy and policy direction in supporting the management of legal formal protected areas. The data was collected through thematic maps, remote sensing and direct observation. Data analysis was based on the results of overlay analysis and the percentage of deviation (summary) analysis.
The result showed that the actual protected areas, based on the distribution of forest function (DFH), in Pandeglang Regency were Ujung Kulon National Park (TNUK), Carita Nature Recreation Park (TWA) and protected forest, while the actual protected areas based on spatial area allocation in spatial area arrangement plan (RTRW) in Pandeglang Regency were TNUK and protected forest. The gap between the legal formal protected area with the actual protected area was 99,957.20 Ha (35.55%). All protected areas were dominated by forest in different coverage. There were inconsistency of planning steps and spatial pattern abuse of protected areas.
Management of the legal formal protected areas could be supported through the assignment of an institution with authority/mandate and responsibility in the management of legal formal protected areas, particularly toward natural disaster prone areas and local protected areas. The RTRW document should be reviewed to provide actual data, the use of similar format of data reference, and reach a consistent spatial arrangement.
Keywords: legal formal, actual, protected areas, gap, GIS, Pandeglang.
KAJIAN BEBAN PENCEMARAN LIMBAH USAHA KECIL DI SUNGAI CILIWUNG SEGMEN KOTA BOGOR
Ciliwung River had existed and become an important part of the community since ancient period. However, along with the passing period and the rapid development, it had become polluted with various waste and garbage being disposed off to the river from its upstream to its downstream segments. Small businesses were among those who polluted the river and degraded the quality of Ciliwung water. This study was aimed at identifying the load of pollution caused by small business waste disposal to Ciliwung River. The result showed that most of the small businesses in Bogor Municipal Region disposed their waste directly to Ciliwung River and caused high load of pollution to the river. Among the industry were the tofu (soybean curd), tempe (fermented soybean cake), tapioca flour, and cow husbandry businesses. The calculation resulted in a total of pollution load from small businesses of 605.5 ton/year which caused the water of Ciliwung River had the BOD of 174.5 mg/l in the dry season and 1.62 mg/l in the rainy season due to its debit in both season. The load of pollution in Ciliwung River caused by small businesses should be controlled in accordance with its capacity to hold pollution. The strategy should include lowering pollution load disposed off by the small businesses, arranging the spatial distribution of the businesses, and developing environmental friendly/green technology for the businesses.
Keywords: pollution, small businesses, waste disposal, Ciliwung River, Bogor segment.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS SATWALIAR DI KAWASAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DAN STATUS PERLINDUNGANNYA: STUDI KASUS KAWASAN UNIT PENGELOLAAN PT. ADITUNGGAL MAHAJAYA, KABUPATEN SERUYAN, KALIMANTAN TENGAH
Ecosystems Degradation in the region of AditunggalMahajaya Ltd had caused the region to be functioning poorly as wildlife habitat. This was indicated by the low level of wildlife encounters, both on observations during this study as well as from interviews with some of the people who live in the area. In addition, other factors causing decline in wildlife populations was the high level of animal hunting. Most of the wildlife was found in a wooded area that had a relatively good canopy cover. This condition was found in the area around the river, and it was also found in the mix rubberwood forest areas owned by public administrations of Ayawan River Gardens (saye). There were 15 species of mammals, 17 species of birds and three species of reptiles found in the area which included in the rare/protected category from the total of 27 species of mammals, 54 species of birds, 6 species of reptiles found in the region.
Keywords: ecosystem, habitat, wildlife, and diversity of wildlife species
POTENSI MAMALIA BESAR SEBAGAI MANGSA KOMODO
(VaranuskomodoensisOuwens 1912) DI PULAU RINCA TAMAN NASIONAL KOMODO NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR
Abdul HarisMustari, Tyas D. DjuandadanJamartinSihite
This study aimed to reveal the potential of big mammals as komodo’s preys in Rinca Island, Komodo National Park. Population density, sex ratio, age structure and distribution of the komodo’s preys were collected using line transect method, and the vegetation were analyzed using line square method. A total of five species of big mammals were recorded as preys of komodo on the island, and among them were Timor deer and water buffalo which were the most important food sources for komodo. Long tailed macaque, wild horse, and wild boar were the alternative food sources for komodo. Komodo ate whenever there was the opportunity, and it usually attack animals in the savanna or water sources, since these areas were important for big mammals.
Keywords: komodo, preys, mammals, population, savanna